Thursday, November 21, 2013

Behavior Modification

Well, I have of course been trained by my parents.  My mom once tried to train me to not hurt other people through positive punishment.  This included screaming, scolding, and isolation.  This however did not work.  I only learned that hurting people could modify behavior, so I used it more.  However, my mom used positive reinforcement to teach me to work hard.  Every time I did chores or help my parents in anyway, my parents would compliment me and give me money.  However, they never once yelled at me for not doing work.  For some reason, I continued to work hard and still do today.  My dad will go split wood without asking me for help.  I know that not helping him will not lead to any negative consequences, but I help anyways.  if my parents tried to use punishment to make me work, I would work less and not as well.  I learned that positive reinforcement is the best way to modify behavior, because it is the only one that will not spark rebellion if the person finds out about it.  I also learned that making people happy makes me happy and hard work has its own rewards.      

Monday, November 18, 2013

Trauma and Classical Learning

John Doe loves riding horses.  Horse riding had been a hobby of his since he was young.  One day he was riding in his pastor when a coyote jumped in front of the horse.  Scared, the horse began galloping at full speed and entered its fifth gate.  After trying to regain control, John realized that he could not stop his horse.  He then decided to abort, but his boot was stuck in the stirrup.  The horse then dragged him threw multiple bushes, rocks, trees, and ended with a barb wired fence.  He broke both his legs, his collarbones, and had multiple gashes throughout his body.  After the event, he was scared to ride any animal.  He found them unstable and believed them to be wild.  He would become scared at the sight of anyone he cared about riding a horse.  After ten tears, he finally got back on a horse and has not been scared to ride since. Although a freak accident, he believed that horse riding was far more dangerous than it is.   John was classically  conditioned to be scared of horses.  It was not a rational fear since he was actually quite skilled at horse riding.  The one random event caused him to associate fear with horse riding.  Horses caused him fear because one time he had fear while being dragged by a horse.